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Date 9/6/2021

Importance and role of game in child development

Importance and role of game in child development

The beginning of the game can be attributed to the distant past, even from the beginning of man. In fact, play is a part of human life from birth to death. Humans need movement biologically, and play is an important part of this movement. Man needs thinking for his mental and social development, and play is the dough of thinking. The formation of primitive human communities created a new form of play. In the beginning, human toys were raw and natural materials and objects. Holding a piece of rock, moving it, and finally rolling or throwing it was all a game. The social and mental development of man and his progressive domination of nature made it possible to manipulate natural objects. From this time on, objects were transformed at the will of man in order to enrich the human mind in shaping the game and to satisfy his soul. The stone carvings on the walls of the caves and their resemblance to the materials needed for the game will add more value to our perception of the game's antiquity. The invention of language to convey ideas, the formation of larger human societies, and the easier exchange of information created a new innovation in play. In fact, it's the beginning of more creative games that require the use of language and words to play them.

Regarding the role of game in child development, in game psychology, various theories have been proposed, including: the theory of eliminating waste energy, according to which the body has a certain amount of energy, which is in the form of purposeful activities (such as work) and non-purposeful activities (such as games), Consumes. In fact, in adults, this energy is spent on work, and in children, who have no specific work or physical activity other than play, it is used through play.

Therefore, if children's play is given importance, in addition to responding to the child's natural needs, it will also solve many of the child's psycho-emotional problems. Not paying attention to this need, in addition to not solving psychological-emotional problems, will itself become another psychological problem. Therefore, today, psychologists and therapists have developed various play therapy methods to treat children's psycho-emotional illnesses, and through play, they realize their problems and treat them in this way.

Play is a tool for the child's all-round and harmonious development. In the early years of childhood, play plays a key role in strengthening the five senses, controlling and coordinating organs. At the same age, the child, while playing, expresses his or her emotions to the doll or the person playing with him or her, vents his or her fears and doubts, experiences love, and learns that he or she may always Do not be loved by others, but sometimes you may be angry with others. Sometimes you have to love and sometimes you have to be angry. In play, the child sometimes laughs and sometimes cries, thus achieving emotional balance. Also, with the help of the game, the development of his intelligence and mind is facilitated and accelerated and increases.

Today, the role of game in child development has been fully confirmed by extensive research. If we compare the child to a fish, the game is like the clear water in which the child swims. So playing for a child is something like life. Therefore, the passion for life should be sought among children, and children should always be seen playing. If a child is deprived of play, his existence, health, future and childhood are taken away from him. A world without games is nothing more than a prison for a child.

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