Computer game literacy
As you know, play is the child's main experience for perceiving the world around him, and determines his place in the world. What do you think is the main reason why children tend to play games? Why do they look for the best tools in the game to feel happy and excited? One of the important reasons, which most researchers agree on, is that play is an optional activity, and because man is inherently free, he is more inclined to activities that are freely performed. This is why children often prefer to play to eat and study. The game, like any other phenomenon, has both advantages and disadvantages.
Disadvantages of computer games in children and adolescents
Visual problems: Looking too much at any type of image can cause eye problems. Those who play computer games too much are no exception, and more eye pain threatens them. Staring at a screen of white images is very harmful to the eyes. Especially when the person stares at the screen , and does not blink, this causes dry eyes. A common eye disease among computer game enthusiasts is called the Guitar Hero Eyes. In this disease, hours may pass from playing, but the eye is still engaged in images that it has been staring at for hours, and sees them.
Nintendo Finger: In Wii Sports computer game, a person takes two Move Motion Controllers in his hand, and must maintain his balance, as he sees in the game. This imbalance, which takes many forms, can seriously damage the knees and spine, and sometimes even cause fractures in parts of the body because the person loses his or her balance and falls to the ground. . Patients with this disease, after a period of consecutive play, their hands and wrists begin to ache. In this disease, the person's fingers become swollen and sore.
Violent Behaviors and Mental Problems: Studies show that people who play too much computer games are always more anxious and depressed than other people. Usually, children are more at risk for socially violent behaviors than others, and they are even at risk for addiction. Symptoms of behavioral disorders in a person who plays too much computer games include excessive worry, unreasonable anger, and social fears. Also, children who constantly repeat violent games have imaginative violent perceptions, and show more aggressive behaviors.
Unreasonable weight loss and gain: Many people think that only addicted people use addictive substances. But research by psychologists has shown that computer games are also addictive. Researchers say the risk of addiction in teens and young adults who turn to computer games is higher than other people, and computer games, just like the bets that many people make, are addictive. Symptoms of computer game addiction include weight loss or obesity, decreased social relationships, lack of personal hygiene, and sleep disturbances.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the major nerves between the hand and forearm are compressed. This pressure occurs when the carpal tunnel, the part of the brain where the main nerves and tendons pass, swells. People who play too much computer games are at risk for the syndrome, and the only physical sign of the disease is addiction to computer games. Of course, overuse of a computer mouse can also cause sensitivity and swelling of the carpal tunnel.
Now that we have covered some of the major disadvantages of gaming, let us consider some of the benefits of gaming.
The benefits of computer games in children and adolescents
Helping Children and Adolescents with Chronic Illness: Researchers at the University of Utah in 2016 published a study showing that regular computer games by children with illness and disorders such as autism, depression and Parkinson, increased endurance and resilience. They are against the problems caused by the disease. Scientists believe that such games affect certain neural mechanisms, causing positive excitement. In this way, a child or adolescent with a chronic illness is better able to cope with the consequences of their illness.
Improving the motor skills of preschoolers: While putting a young child in front of the TV to play computer games may not be the right thing to do, this is not the whole story. This is because research by scientists at Deacon University in Melbourne, Australia, shows that playing interactive computer games strengthens children's motor control skills.
Reduce stress and depression: The range of benefits of computer games is not limited to children and adolescents. Research published in 2009 shows that playing computer games can help people who suffer from problems such as stress or depression to overcome some of these problems. The study found that some people with personality type A, who are usually very active, can find a way to relax by playing these games, thus reducing their stress levels.
Reducing the severity of pain: Computer games can not only reduce the negative effects of mental problems, but can even reduce physical pain. Scientists at the University of Washington have developed a game that allows patients suffering from severe pain to reduce their pain. The game, called SnowWorld, is a virtual reality game in which a person finds himself in a snow-covered land and can shoot snowballs at the penguins and snowmen he sees. In this way, the patient's senses shift from pain to play. Studies have shown that patients who have used the game need less painkillers.
Improving vision: Scientists at McMaster University in Canada have achieved amazing results. People with cataracts can improve their eyesight by playing games in which the user has to shoot at specific targets. These types of games are very fast, and require a lot of concentration, so one has to get used to seeing different things quickly and making instant decisions. These games also produce the hormones dopamine and adrenaline, which could potentially help increase the brain's flexibility.
Strengthen decision-making ability: Most computer games require the user to make quick decisions and reactions. Neuroscientists at the University of Rochester in New York have found that playing computer games helps the brain train for quick decisions. Games such as simulating situations in which decisions must be made quickly accustom the user to quickly review environmental information, and react to it immediately.
The devices on which computer games run are called platforms. There are two major categories of gaming platforms, which are home platforms and mobile platforms. Two important home platforms are game consoles and home computers. Some of the game consoles I can mention here are Xbox, PS4 and PSP. The two most important mobile gaming platforms are mobile console and mobile phone.
So far, as a person with computer game literacy, you are familiar with the pros, cons, and types of computer game platforms. Another area that you should learn about is the different genres of computer games. Here are some important genres.
Action genre: Action games themselves are divided into two categories. In the first category, known as fighting games, two players face each other and fight each other. For example, I can mention Mortal Kombat game as well as Ben 10 game. The second category of action games are known as action-adventure games, which in addition to the nature of the fight, also has a story to determine how to move in the game. Some examples of games in this genre include Zula, Batman, Battlefield and Call of Duty.
Strategy genre: In these games, there is a scenario and story in the game, which continues through different levels of the game. For example, Clash of Clans, Clash Royale, as well as the Crusades, are in this genre.
Role-playing genre: In this genre, you create a character yourself and grow it.
Driving genre: For example, we can mention the game Need for Speed.
Sports Genre: Like FIFA Games.
Runner Genre: Like the famous Mario Series.
Now that you are familiar with the pros and cons of the game, different game genres, and game platforms, you can improve your computer game literacy level by considering the following four factors. The first point is that you must have a basic acquaintance with the game. The second point is that, according to the different genres and platforms, as well as the type of interest of your child, you can choose the right game. The third case concerns the type and amount of use of the game, that is, how much time you spend playing during the day. The last case is the game of consciousness. In the game awareness, you have complete mastery of the story of the game, and the process of doing it. Undoubtedly, having literacy in the field of computer games will help us to choose the right games for our children, and to get the most out of the benefits of these games.
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